Reproduction Porcelain In The Ming Dynasty

The emergence of reproduction porcelain in the Ming dynasty was closely connected to a general admiration for the prosperity, technological advance and ideology of an earlier age, the Song dynasty. The Confucian idealist philosophy prevalent in the Song was now seen as a possible source of inspiration for the literati and officials of the Ming. The Ming emperors themselves came under the influence of these trends. The Emperor Xuande, for example, ordered the imperial kiln in Jingdezhen to reproduce the porcelain of the Ruyao and Geyao kilns, two of the five great kilns of the Song dynasty. Examples, which reflected imperial taste, include the replica of a Ruyao porcelain dish and the replica of a Geyao porcelain bowl. Xuande's successor, Emperor Chenghua, continued in the same tradition, commissioning many reproductions of Song-dynasty Ru and Ge wares during his reign.

With the development of an expanding market for ceramics in the late Ming dynasty, many privately owned kilns were set up in competition with government ones. Thus reproductions were being made simultaneously by the private kilns and, under imperial patronage, by the kilns at Jingdezhen. Ceramics favored by the court harked back to those produced during the reigns of emperors Yongle, Xuande and Chenghua, and so copies were commissioned. During this period, there were ceramics imitating Song-dynasty Guanyao, Dingyao, Geyao, Junyao, Longquanyao wares, but also blue-and-white porcelain, doucai (contending color) porcelain, red-and-green porcelain, and porcelains with white and red glazes, which copied those produced in the early Ming dynasty.
Celadon bowl with incised floral design, Longquan ware, Song dynasty
Large circular dish, Ru ware, Song dynasty
Large circular dish, Jun ware, Song dynasty
Bowl, Jun ware, Song dynasty
Octagonal bowl, Ge ware, Song dynasty
Burner with two handles in shape of fish, Ge ware, Song dynasty
Flask with tubes on shoulders, Guan ware, Song dynasty
Mallow-petal basin, Guan ware, Song dynasty
Bowl with impressed floral design, Ding ware, and Song dynasty
Blue-and-white cup, reign of Emperor Yongle, Ming dynasty
Blue-and-white horizontal bowl with Arabic floral design, reign of Emperor Xuande in Ming dynasty
Blue-and-white mallow-petal bowl with design of flowers, fruits and floral sprays, reign of Emperor Xuande, Ming dynasty
Blue-and-white large circular dish with design of lotus scrolls, reign of Emperor Xuande, Ming dynasty
Blue-and-white four-lobed square bottle with design of floral scrolls and morning glory flower, reign of Emperor Xuande, Ming dynasty
Clair-de-lune glaze flower-mouth small circular dish with carved floral decoration, reign of Emperor Xuande, Ming dynasty
Blue-and-white bowl with Arabic flower design, reign of Emperor Chenghua in Ming dynasty
Cup in contending colors with design of frolicking children, reign of Emperor Chenghua in Ming dynasty
Preface Reproduction Porcelain In The Reigns Of Kangxi, Yongzheng And Qianlong, Qing Dynasty Reproductions From The Late Qing Dynasty To The Republican Period Reproduction Porcelain After 1980s